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The Next Step For Bike Helmet Safety?

The Next Step For Bike Helmet Safety?

(bang) – I’m glad that wasn’t my head. (intro sound) I’ve been lucky enough to be invited out here to the Volvo headquarters in Gothenburg, Sweden, to check out the collaboration between Volvo and POC. They will, for the first time ever, test exactly what happens in a collision, between a car and a bike. Volvo and POC have been collaborating for a number of years to improve safety for cyclists on the roads. This has taken a few forms over the years. Including the concept
of a helmet that could connect to a car, to warn a driver that there is a cyclist nearby. More recently though, they collaborated on the map of collisions which tracks the exact locations of collisions between cyclists and cars in Sweden. They then use this data to work out exactly the types of areas where cyclists and cars are coming into contact. This latest collaborations though could be really interesting for anyone who rides a bike. For the first time ever Volvo and POC are going to be testing
exactly what happens if a cyclist is involved
in a collision with a car. They then aim to use this data to help reduce the risk of injury or death when cyclists are involved
in collisions with cars. We have seen a lot of comments on this sort of project in the past. Along the lines of why
are we focusing on this? We should just be separating
bikes and cars completely. And yes, absolutely in an ideal world cars and bikes would
never come into contact. Unfortunately though, this
isn’t the world we live in. And at least for the near future, cars and bikes will continue
to come into contact. And there will unfortunately
be collisions between the two. So I think it is incredibly important that companies like POC and Volvo are trying there best to ensure that
when these collisions do happen, the consequences
are as minor as possible. That in no way changes the fact that cars should never be in a position to hit a cyclist in the first place. It’s just nice to know
that if it does happen the cyclist will be as safe as possible. I’m about to go meet Magdalena Lindman. Magdalena is Technical Expert of Traffic Data Analysis at Volvo. And also a member of the POC lab. The POC lab is a collection of experts from various industries that advise POC to ensure any protective clothing and helmets that they produce are the best they can possibly be. This makes Magdalena the perfect person to ask a few questions about today’s test. Magdolena, thank you for joining us today. What is it that you are
looking for from these tests? What results are you after? – So we figure that cyclists
crashes are really complex. They come in all various kinds of types. The most common cyclist crashes
are single cyclist crashes. Um, then you have a portion of the cyclist to cyclist crashes, and cyclist to positions crashes. And then a small portion of cyclist to
motor vehicle crashes. Are approach is to avoid the crashes. We don’t want to get into situations with unproductive road users. So, we introduced the
Pedestrian Protection System with auto-brake bred in 2010. We also came up with the
Cyclist Protection with auto-brake in 2012. – So you previously worked with POC to create the map of collisions. What was about the number of accidents you saw that you saw that inspired
you to create that map. – So the map of conflict, that’s really the guidance into the
real-world crash data. It’s a picture of how we classify crashes. Cars to cyclists. And uh, what we learn
from the crash data is being used in all the collaboration that we’re doing together with POC. (montage music) – Pockets, I quite like this. (montage music) So just before we actually do the test, I’m joined by Magnus Gustavsson who is head of the hard goods over at POC. Who’s going to talk us through exactly what’s going to happen in this test. You see I’m holding the helmet which is going to be the test subject. And you have in your hands? – I have a pedestrian uh, head head form. Uh. – Well today a cyclist
because we’re going to put a helmet on it. – Exactly. So it’s not a body it’s just a head form. It has accelerometers inside to measure all the different parameters
that we want to look into. – Yeah, and that head is going to be fired into the Volvo behind us. Via this giant ram above us. Which looks quite intimidating when you stand right underneath it. It’s going to be measuring, what’s speed are they doing it at? – 35 km/hr. – So the sort of speed that you might encounter in a city. – Yeah – In this sort of crash. – Exactly. At a crossing, um, if
you get hit by a car. That’s the average speed
that you actually get hit by. 35 km/hr. – And your doing it at certain angles based on research from
Volvo and from yourselves. – Yeah and there are also standards uh, involved here as well so we’re telling us to standard. Um, but we will also look into different angles and different speeds. And see what what happens actually. – The teamwork your doing together, it’s the first time a helmet has ever been tested on a car isn’t it? – Yeah. – Which makes it really exciting. So do we actually know what information we are going to get from
this test at the moment. – Yeah, we will look into both uh, straight impact and of course we will look into all the rotation
and the impacts as well. Uh, what accelerations actually are and how big they are and uh, how big the speeds that we actually reach. We want to modify the
helmets in different ways to see what we can actually make better and improve in the situation. – So the information that you get today, the data that you collect,
that will go directly towards development of
helmets in the future. – Definitely yes. – I’m quite looking forward to the results when they do come through in a minute, you can talk us through what we see. – Definitely. – Brilliant. Thank you Magnus. Good luck with the test. – Thank you. – Today we are starting
by firing a replica human head, weighing 4.5 kilos and filled with sensors to collect
crashing information. We will be beginning with a 35 km/hr impact at 60 degrees. But the testing won’t be stopping there. Volvo will be utilizing their catalog of collision data from years of testing real world impacts to conduct tests that meet the criteria of all this data. Building together with POC a greater understanding of exactly what happens within these collisions. (drumming music) (bang) – Ha. (montage music) – The thing that blows me away the most is that looking at the bonnet, you actually can’t see
that there’s been an impact until you get down really close. You can see it in the
fold of the me- the metal. There is actually a crease in it. It has absorbed so much energy. And it’s sprung back almost
to it’s original shape. Not quite there 100%. It’s like dropping a stone into a pond. It ripples so much. But it’s absorbed the
energy of the impact, which is going to protect the occupant of the helmet, most importantly. But it also means you
can carry on driving. To help us get a better understanding of why tests like today are being conducted, I’m joined by Claes
Hulting MD PHD of POC lab, who is going to help
explain things further. Claes what is it about the
tests that we conducted today that are so
important for the future. Going forwards for injury prevention, and safety on the roads. – Prevention is difficult because it has lose status earlier, and people didn’t really pay enough attention to everything you can do in order to prevent serious damage after various types of crashes. And it’s not until you actually take this seriously, and take it to this level where you can have actual testing on on how an real situation occurs in actual world. So what happens different
to in a real situation um, impact and when you
have a vehicle hitting a pedestrian or a car
hitting a bicycle person. And seeing and understanding what actually is going on. It’s difficult in real life to see what’s actually happening to your brain in a concussion
when these things happen but at least during a
session like this at Volvo, in their magnificent lab and it gives us a much better understanding, and also it gives everyone involved a realistic view on the seriousness of this. And how how important it is to try to do extremely much to prevent
these things because you don’t get the feeling
for enormous violence impact until you are in the lab, and see this happening in front of you. (montage music) – To get a prospective of the tests we’ve seen today I’m joined Per Hamid who is a brain injury specialist. Per Hamid, thank you for joining us. – Thank you. – What was it about the test today that you find so interesting going forward to how are they going to use that information going forward
to protect the brain. – What will very, it will very interesting to see uh, the test uh, and how cars have been developed. (montage music) When you have an impact, how the car absorbs the energy when this kind of uh, the helmet with the have the hits it was really amazing to see with this high speed camera. And the interesting thing was that the, you saw that the absorption of of the impact was the car. The helmet wasn’t that effective. Which was really interesting. It’s the opportunity in in actually having collaboration with the, with the car manufacturers like Volvo, uh who are thought leaders when it comes to protection of of within the car. But also now we we we consider also what’s going on around the car. Uh, pedestrians, bicyclists, etc. There has, there is a lot of knowledge of of combining different angles in innovation pro uh uh, in this kind of innovation project. Will improve uh, and develop uh, uh, uh equipment so you reach more
of a protective effect. Rather than just sitting
in your own chamber just trying to to be smart. SO it’s really interesting when from an in innovation dimension, being creative. For me, as a technician, when I work with the research uh, you know when we we are not aware of what what actually happened in the accident. Yeah you might get the report, but it’s rare. How have they analyzed
what actually happened? I I see the consequences and I work with the consequences. But the impact itself so the interesting now in this collaboration going from experimental setting into
a real life monitoring. Combining that kind of information. I think will really bring us forward in how to both develop
more protective equipment as well as having strategies in how to minimize the consequences,
if you have any. – So to answer my final questions, I now have Oscar Huss who is Head of Development at POC, and a member of the POC lab team as well. What we’ve seen in the test today, I want to know how long is it going to take for the results of that uh implemented in helmet design and in car design? How long will it take from today’s tests to actual real world application. – Yeah so em, depending on what we see in the testing depends like
we can see something that em, that’s fairly simple to solve. Uh, we can update the
construction or materials of something that we actually know, that we have technology for. Um, but we sometimes also
find things that are like wow that’s something unexpected, that might require completely knew test set up. And more research, new
test method or whatever. See it depends, but in most simple cases uh, and if there is something that we know that with existing technologies we could address this issue, then we’re looking at around 18 months until the costumer sees it. – Today they may well be researching together behind closed doors, but the data they collect
released and made available to other manufacturers. Enabling more of us to benefit from their cutting edge testing. This is all in the name of creating a safer environment on the
open road for everyone no matter which end
product you choose to use. And that is pretty special. If you enjoyed this video, and
you learned something from it please give us a big
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