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Would you buy this MADE IN RWANDA motorcycle? – VisualPolitik EN

Would you buy this MADE IN RWANDA motorcycle? – VisualPolitik EN

India is the World’s largest movie producer. We’ve all heard of Bollywood, right? But let me ask you a question… what’s the SECOND largest movie producer? What comes after India? …
The answer is NIGERIA. Yes, I’m sure almost nobody guessed that
right. But, my dear viewers, so-called NOLLYWOOD
produces many more titles a year than Hollywood itself. But, of course, nobody knows this because
Africa is the forgotten continent. African politics and economics hardly appear
in the newspapers. And this is why we can say that Africans are
witnessing a silent miracle. Until the 2000s, this region seemed completely
doomed. But since the beginning of the new century,
Africans have tripled their income. Countries like Ethiopia are growing at a 10%
growth rate year after year. And I know what you’re gonna tell me! Come on Simon! These are just statistics. Is life really changing for the average African? Look… if you’re expecting to see skyscrapers
and caravans of BMWs on the streets of Nairobi, then, yes, you’re going to be disappointed. We’re not there, yet. In fact, there are still regions of the continent
stuck in extreme poverty. That would be the case in the People’s Republic
of Congo and the Central African Republic. But other regions are improving. For example, Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital,
is starting to get some supermarkets! This might seem like a very trivial thing
to you. But it’s a giant step if you remember that
30 years ago, the whole country was going through one of the worst famines in history. But wait a minute because there is more! We are starting to see how African companies
are expanding internationally. For example, Ethiopian airlines or M-PESA,
a mobile phone payment platform. So now you might wonder… Why is Africa growing like this? What has changed in the continent? The answer is clear: PEACE. You see, the first requirement for a country
to develop is for it not to have wars. After that, we can discuss political systems,
tax policies or whatever. But a society that lives on a battlefield
can hardly prosper. But now things are starting to change… is
that true, Xander? Absolutely, Simon! For decades, Africa was a really violent continent:
wars for independence, tribal clashes and even genocide. Today, however, the conflicts are less frequent. In the year 1990, an average of 45 per 100.000
africans died in conflicts. Today, this figure has dropped to 8 per 100.000. And, of course, this has helped trade and
foreign investment, especially with China. Nevertheless, as we said before, there is
still a lot of work to be done. Africa is far from being a prosperous region. They need to take the next step. And what is that? Well, that would be industrialization. So far, Africa remains a rural continent. Except for a few exceptions, everything you
can buy in Africa is a raw material. And it’s hard to grow a modern economy based
on agriculture and mining. So, this the context in which this news takes
place. The Largest Free Trade Deal in Nearly a Quarter-Century
Seeks to Make Africa a Single Market Yes, you heard that right. The goal of this treaty is to make an African
version of the European Single Market, which was the seed for what we know today as the
European Union. Since May 30th 2019, this treaty has been
a reality. We’re talking about 52 countries who have
signed it. In fact, only Benin, Nigeria and Eritrea have
refused to enter the so called AfCFTA or just CFTA. So now the question is… Can this treaty change things… or is it
just a bunch of nice words? Can a free trade agreement really improve
lives in Africa? And, why doesn’t Nigeria, the country with
the largest African economy, want to sign it? Today we are going to answer all of these
questions but, before we do, let’s take a look back at the history. NO MARKET, NO INDUSTRY
When we talk about Africa, we should remember one thing: 55 countries and 1,3 billion people. We shouldn’t really talk about Africa like
it’s a country. Then again, there is one thing that most of
the African countries have in common: their colonial past. Most of these nations have been independent
for less than 50 years. And, believe me, they still maintain their
bonds with their previous colonizers. In many ways, the idea of independence is
pretty much a delusion. Look, in a normal country, the main trading
partner is that country’s neighbours. America trades with Mexico and Canada, France
trades with Germany, Germany trades with The Netherlands… but African countries are different
animals in this regard. For example… Ivory Coast is neighbours Ghana and Liberia. But who is Ivory Coast’s main trading partner? No! It’s not their neighbours. Their main Trading partner is The Netherlands
and… France which, surprise, surprise, it is its
former colonizer. And of course, this trend is changing but
not in the way you might expect. If you’ve been following VisualPolitik for
a long time, you already know that China has been increasing its sway in Africa over the
past several years. And not only are the Asians playing a role
here! Just look at this news! China’s coming slowdown opens doors to expanding
African trade with India But not only that! In the last 15 years, trade with Africa has
tripled with other countries like Turkey and Indonesia. Today, Asia represents 45% of the African
foreign trade. Europe is 30%. So, as you can see, there’s only a little
share for the inter african trade. And I know what you’re thinking now! So what? Don’t we live in a globalized economy? What’s the problem with Trading with Asia
or Europe? Well… it is a problem. Think about it… what does Europe or Asia
buy from Africa? Yes, you guessed it: raw materials like oil,
gas, gold, uranium… in other words, everything except manufactured goods. And there is a reason for this. Let’s look at an example. Rwanda Motorcycle Company was born in 2017. They manufacture low cost motorbikes. Would you buy one of those? Probably not. Their bikes are no match for a Suzuki or a
Honda. So no Asian or European country would go for
a Rwandan model when they could have a Japanese or American one. So… where could Rwandan motorcycles find
a market? Of course, in other African countries! In fact, Africa is a great place for them
because there are almost no competitors. If you live in Congo, good luck finding a
BMW shop to buy a bike from. So in many countries, these Rwandan entrepreneurs
have a big blue ocean of market opportunities to exploit. This explains why, despite African countries
trading so little with each other, most of the things they trade are manufactured goods. In other words: if Africa wants to have industry,
they need to trade with each other more. So what’s the problem here? The problem is that things in Africa are never
easy and trade… is harder than anything. There are lots of tariffs and bureaucracy
that makes it almost impossible for local companies to cross borders. If you want to send your Rwandan motorbike
to neighbouring Congo, you’ll have to pay tariffs of up to 20%. But you’ll also have to bribe the guard
at Customs. Otherwise, your merch could be waiting there
for months. Add to this the insecurity, the gangs and
the warlords that are still present in many regions. Don’t forget that, just a few years ago,
many of these countries were killing each other’s citizens. So again, a bike manufacturer in Rwanda can
hardly survive with as small and poor a market as the local one. If they want to survive, they need to expand
to their neighbours. In other words, protectionism is making it
almost impossible for Africa to develop. But pay attention now, because this might
‘Blood Diamond’ is a Hollywood movie that talks about how we can end up killing each
other just for some precious minerals. The conclusion of this movie is that the West
just wants Africa’s resources. Nothing more. Presented with this situation, many might
think that Africans can’t get themselves together and they need a good old Western
helping hand. But, of course, this is VisualPolitik. You know we think differently… “Africa’s story has been written by others;
we need to own our problems and solutions and write our story”—Paul Kagame
Paul Kagame is the Rwandan president. In this video we told you about his light
side and his dark side. His model country is Singapore so, you can
imagine that he’s not a big fan of democracy or human rights. But, from an economic point of view, he has
become an African champion for prosperity. The thing is, apart from governing Rwanda,
Kagame is also the president of the African Union. This organization was created in 2001, inspired
by the European Union. Their big dream is to turn Africa into a single
market, just like Europe is. And, so far, it seems like they’re achieving
their goal. Africa’s free trade area comes into force
as Gambia ratification Yes, my dear viewers: it’s the CFTA I mentioned
earlier in the video, the African Continental Free Trade Agreement. Their ultimate goal is to have a common currency
for the whole continent. Something similar to the Euro, but in Africa. We might have to wait 15 to 20 years to witness
that, but they are trying hard. But, OK, OK, hold on just a minute because
not everything is sunshine and rainbows. As we always say, the devil is in the details. You see, in this world we have free trade
agreements and… “free trade agreements”. An example of the latter would be MERCOSUR. Mercosur was born in order to create a free
trade area in South America. Has it worked? The answer is no. The countries who signed this document were
not willing to cede sovereignty. Nobody was willing to remove tariffs and let
their local companies compete with foreign ones. The Mercosur treaty is full of exceptions. Yes, it has nice words in it but when you
look at the reality, you realize the trade between its members hasn’t increased really. Something similar could happen with this African
free trade area. For example, the main African economies: South
Africa and Nigeria, are not big fans of this. South Africa signed it at the last minute
but Nigeria… well… this is what Nigeria said. CFTA: I won’t allow Nigeria to be dumping
ground —Muhammadu Buhari, President of Nigeria Basically, many governments are reluctant
to lose control of the small industries they already have. Besides, their main income is what they collect
in tariffs. Don’t forget that, in a country like Nigeria,
there is no big and regulated job market so it’s hard to collect income tax. In most cases, African governments get their
money from the only thing they can control: foreign trade. But there is more to this! This CFTA treaty generates as many doubts
as hopes. You see, a treaty like this usually takes
decades to negotiate. This one was done in just 4 years. And, in their desire to have as many countries
as possible, they’ve left lots of things off of the negotiating table. The final document is vague and generic. It doesn’t say anything clear about competition
clauses, investments or intellectual property rights. There is no list of what goods you can trade
freely and which ones will be protected. In theory, they have committed to removing
tariffs on 90% of the products over the next decade. But, of course… governments can push the
most important goods inside of that 10%. So, if you only liberalize trade on the goods
that you don’t actually sell… then you won’t have real free trade. But hold on a second because there are many
more problems! Of course, the CFTA would be wonderful as
a way to incentivize the emergence of new industries. But… so far, Africa relies heavily on agriculture. And what do African farmers think? Well… many of them are not exactly happy. Smugglers Thrive as Nigeria Tries to Keep
Foreign Rice Away n this case, Nigeria is afraid of neighbouring
Benin. Benin has become a big importer of Thai rice. Apparently, Thai rice is high quality and
affordable. If Nigeria suddenly opens trade with Benin,
its local rice producers might have a hard time. And this is where the big time dilemma comes
in. Should we risk the agriculture that we already
have in exchange for would-be brand new industries… or do we leave everything as it is? And this is the real debate. According to the United Nations, if the CFTA
turns out the way it was meant to, inter African trade could grow 52% in the year 2022. This is only 3 years after the year that we
made this video. But, of course, if the member countries keep
adding exceptions and mistrusting each other, we could end up with a Mercosur kind of thing. In other words, our friends from the Rwandan
Motorcycle Company would keep struggling to open markets elsewhere. And… remember, with no market there is no
industry at all. So the question now goes to you… Do you think the CFTA will go in a European
Union-like direction… or will it go with a more Mercosur-like style? Should Nigeria sign it? Will we witness the industrialization of the
African continent? Please, leave your answers in the comment
section below. Also, visit our friends from reconsider,
the podcast that provided the vocals in this episode that were not mine. And, of course, do not forget that we publish
brand new videos like this one every week so subscribe to this channel and hit that
bell button so you won’t miss any posts. If you liked this video, give us a thumbs
up and, as always, I’ll see you next time.

100 comments on “Would you buy this MADE IN RWANDA motorcycle? – VisualPolitik EN

    *Benin and Nigeria signed the AfCFTA just some days after we finished this video.
    **There is a mistake when we say Mercosur is a treaty from South Africa. In fact, it is a free trade agreement between (some) South American countries.
    ***Yes, it is true: Nairobi has skyscrapers. And some BMWs.

  2. we need to implement specialization and create loads of joint ventures. the local industries would be protected and grow at the same time

  3. I want every black male to do research on the Moorish empire (711AD-1492AD)their roots trace back to Africa,and even as early as the first civilization(Egypt),they were known for conquering Spain,Portugal, and even Nordic Europeans were used as slaves while they were going through the dark ages of plague and famine Africa was in its Golden Age WAKE UP this is the stuff they don’t want us to know.African brothers unite! We can be great again.

  4. I would not touch anything that is made in Africa. It's a corruption ridden continent quality control, safety control do not exist.

  5. The main focus should be EDUCATION!

    Poorly educted population produces POOR leaders with bad MENTALITIES.

    That’s the main reason. Not even wars or resources or anything else, Simon!

    South America in peace for year-r-rs and Africa of plentif-f-ful resources, what could they do?

    Japan, West Germany, South Korea: were they not in horrific wars and resource-little countries?

    Not even of the race! Look at the people's & their leader's behavior: East v/s W. Germany, North v/s S Korea, China v/s Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore, even Vietnam today v/s South VN 50 yrs ago.

    Look at people around you: if they don't want to learn & change, what can they do?

  6. This guy spoke the truth. His information is frank and professional. I am African and i have lived in Africa all my life, what he says in this video is correct.

  7. I agree that the African metropoles are chaotic and it's difficult for foreigners to navigate. But no skyscrapers? No man. In Africa there are also rich people. The inequality is just higher than in the average European country.

  8. Simon. Thanks so much for this. I think it would work, because it would open more industry in Africa. For instance, if the Rwandan Motorcycle Company was buying their metals from South Africa, they could open up manufacturing plants in SA to make the parts and ship them to Rwanda to be assembled and then distributed the rest of the world through Nigeria (west), Cairo (Europe) and Kenya (East). Both SA and Rwanda would benefit from a Rwandan company. But now just think about this being applied to Tech. Essentially, we (Africa) have all the resources needed to make the latest cellphones, laptops etc. Like Coltan. An essential ingredient in all tech. As we speak, children are mining it in war torn DRC (which accounts for nearly all of the world's supply). The warlords then sell it to dealers who sell it to international companies to manufacture tech. Now, if we could get big investment to teach us to manufacture and assemble tech, (and pay us very good wages) -Africa could have start to finish tech production (mining, manufacture and distribution). This would make tech prices fall, as it's a hell of a lot cheaper to have to have DRC mine and manufacture, Kenya to code software, and other African countries distribute than it is to ship resources East to be manufactured, assembled and distributed

  9. You are still part of the mainstream media that only potrays the worst parts of Africa. This video should be taken down. This Does nothing good but still paint africa backward. You westerners should STOP THIS degrading representation of Africa. Rubbish.

  10. Mercosur
    is a more likely scenario. I think that a regional or country to country treaty is going to be more likely to work.

  11. Africa are entering a single market for economic boost while UK think they're better leaving the EU single market (hint: we're not)

  12. I think African future has higher hopes in regional efforts. The six countries of the East African Federation have similar religion,geography and history. There is a greater chance of success in that region.

  13. Africa should trade manufactured goods rather than raw materials. Don't worry Africa, you will be saved when Juche will rule the world.

  14. There are skyscrapers and BMWs in the streets of Nairobi. This is the problem with cyber researchers who do not travel.

  15. Nothing good was ever achieved without taking any huge risks in the business world. All African countries must do is stop fearing it's neighbors because they went through a colonial rule and should move together towards prosperity

  16. 14:40 of speculation and negativity….the colonisers arent happy with the success story that is Africa! Keep spewing your propaganda as the western economies begin to crumble. Africa will be the most prosperous continent of them all whether you like it or not!

  17. If their economies are mostly raw materials, just let them protect that and let the manufacturing industry become free market.

  18. So , Indian manufacturers should be scared of African manufacturing
    Indian govt already smacked our companies with high taxes on high emission and gasoline cars and bikes
    Ordered them to manufacture lithium batteries and manufacture electric vehicles

  19. I can see this channel slowly going down hill. Maybe put out less content that's more accurate. Quality over quantity

  20. I hope there will be peace and decent prosperity for every single African. Greetings from the Czech republic in Central Europe.

  21. Dude… you may want to recheck your sources. Nigeria did sign on to AU Trade agreement. BMW'S & skyscrapers are owned all over nigera & Ghana. They are not trying to make one form of continental currency. IT'S REGIONAL CURRENCY. West Africa will has its own currency. East Africa nearly has it. Etc.

    You may want to re-do this video.

  22. For sure we have problems with borders no free movement of goods
    Can you imagine I even didn't know about motorcycles being manufactured in Rwanda yet am from Uganda neighbor to Rwanda until now
    That's why I like visualpolitiks channel it keeps me updated

  23. "But since the beginning of the new century, Africans have tripled their income. Countries like Ethiopia are growing at a 10% growth rate year after year."

    And the force delivering all this growth? CAPITALISM!
    Taking Ethiopia as an example –

    From Wikipedia –
    "The Ethiopian government is in the process of privatizing many of the state-owned businesses and *moving toward a market economy.*

  24. One of the determining thing, the late prime minister Melese Zenawi and his political organization has chosen the right track, and also China is the major plays a big role in Ethiopian development. china's government was submitted huge loans and technical support that's way 10% increased.

  25. The visuals of the typical African backdrop were unrepresentative of the Cities and towns we live in. Indeed there are rural settlements of that nature. However, I would not show scenes from villages/ the 'countryside' of any country I am trying to exhibit as having experienced some form of economic growth. Yet alone, an entire Continent!

  26. The mobile money transfer service is NOT pronounced M.P.E.S.A. it's one word M-PESA (pronounced EMPESA) M=mobile pesa=money

  27. “Nobody knows this” NO … only people that live in a hole . The cool kids all know Nigeria been on the rise

  28. I just noticed something that's annoying. At 5:11 the chart shows Ivory Coast's trading partners and how much trade they do. 7.1% shows up twice, but it shows up as 7,1% instead of 7.1%. The use of a comma instead of a decimal point is the issue. The reverse is true of numbers like 3,000. It is sometimes written as 3.000, and the decimal 3,000.25 as 3.000,25.
    I, for one, think it's time to stop being crazy and sober up. Something bad is going to happen if this silliness continues.

  29. There's something they never talk about climate change and rising sea levels:-) you can make lakes and seas from low lying areas. A old one was from the 1920s qattarah depression project to turn the sahara inhabitable:-) just thought you would make a video on it:-)

  30. A canal to making one could make alot of hydroelectric and reconstitute deserts and much more:-) new fishing new ports new etc

  31. Well all the west is doing is raping the richest continent in the world..thats why the wars are constantly fighting…their are no guns produced in Africa…

  32. The trouble with any Free Trade agreement is that it removes the most natural form of government revenue (import taxes) and places that burden elsewhere.
    That being said, if this CFTA succeeds, it would probably be a boon for Africa as a whole. The question becomes which countries have the strongest economies and will they essentially run this African Union the way Germany (and France) run the EU?

  33. Have you seen my wife Whory? She did not return when she decided to visit Catlandia….I offer a package of Whiskas as reward… 🤗😹😸😺

  34. The last thing Africa needs is a copy of the socialist EU with a corrupt incompetent indifferent political class that Soviet style regulates everything about how everything must and must not be produced, packaged, transported, and a zero percent interest rate fiat currency with chronically bankrupt banks and unaffordable housing. The EU has been an economic disaster. Innovation has been halted under the burden of the gigantically enormous regulations that grow exponentially without end. For example. Europa has no internet related industry at all. Europe stood outside of that little business revolution because of the EU. Looking at market capitalization of platform companies (sites people click on, like Google, Amazon, Facebook) 2/3 is American and 1/3 is East Asian., Only 3% is European (dominated by German SAP which really isn't in the same category).

  35. Industry in Africa? is definitely a pretty interesting video! I truly did appreciate it so much. Thanks a lot for sharing! Keep it up!

  36. As long as border officials ask bribes, gangs and warlords have large influence and so on, there's little effect of any political agreements. And even so, it's unlikely that they would agree on any honest trade agreement, but each would try to give away as little as possible and to gain as much as possible, which would lead then again to conflicts and maybe even wars.

  37. Poverty is not a permanent …How long did it take Britain to achieve democracy or a par capita income of 1000……whites are ridiculous. ..the car was not in major roads in Europe 150 yrs ago…they always act like they have always had their shit together since they were in their diapers

  38. This is bullshit the EU crumbles and Africa is rising from the ash's of wars you created and helped sustain with your guns for diamonds and oil. So you keep hating as we watch the new Nazi movements coming from Europe because their broke and your governments and banksters keep robbing them and it's people like you that help the narrative that it's the black man or Mexican that is cleaning his street is the one taking his money!

  39. Thank you for stating facts as they are, we Africans needs to open borders to each other and free trade agreements,we live like enemies

  40. Very condescending tone Simon! Not impressed, for someone who routinely claims to think differently! Makes me wonder if I can trust your analysis of regions & nations I am less familiar with personally…

  41. @
    VisualPolitik EN

    Your audio person needs better headphones or monitor speakers. What changed? the equipment or the person? Your voice is muffled with extreme Sibilance. Can't watch your videos sounding like this, irritating.

  42. You just totally left out South Africa. South Africa is a member of the G20 and is one of the most in industrialised coutries in the world.

  43. You describe ill of africa…why not mention GADDAFI….THIS channel is anti african….piles of lies and unknown facts about africa….how do you tell "our"story to people,…its typical of what you just quoted paul kagame…that our history was written by our colonialists "..and you repeating that by action on your words in this video

  44. We, the turkish citizens with tight budgets have been waiting for brand new cheap and durable cars, trucks like Mahindra, Cherry with automatic transmissions for decades. Motorcycle sales cannot grow in Turkey because Turkish drivers are very dangerous and not reliable drivers on the motorways and streets. Turks like to live over the cliffs of mountains in the cities in all throughout the Turkey. Turkey has lots of deadly earthquakes, in Denizli, Van, Erzincan, Yalova, Adapazari, Sakarya, İzmit extremely dangerous cities which turks lack huge financial capacities because of renewals of those decrepit cityscapes. So produce cheap and durable, digital cars and we will purchase in hoards as 20 million blue and white collar workers of Turkey and 13 million pensioners of Turkey. Only 20 percent , i.e. 16.400.000 citizens of Turkey can live their extravagant luxury lives, the others live the 1984 George Orwell movie workers. I have got with masters degree, best english language capability, mediocre german language only have earned 400-550 USD per month net wage during my 25 years of workyears which Rwandans and other African workers of Turkey detest in the Church in Ankara turkey which is very low wage for them to make endsmeet in Turkey. Africa must take to job posts as many english, french, german speaking turkish white engineers who are always idle in Turkish cafes and restaurants , give those turks African geourgous women to marry and have children and let them workk for African nations 10 hours a day for 5 days, 365 days. Turks cannot be like French, British but just work for the sake of African nations. Those turks can build motorways, infrastructure of African cities' , build new brand new apartments for africans. Turkish state will never interfere to them as wild capitalism reign in Turkey for decades. We have got 6 million net unemployed mainly university and above alumni in Turkey.

  45. Can you do Eritrea next? I is my country but nothing true has come out of the words of the opposition and the authoritarian government.

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